Bio Farzana Shaikh is an Associate Fellow of the Asia-Pacific Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) in London. A specialist on Pakistan, she has lectured and held senior research positions at universities in the UK, Europe and the United States. She has written widely on the history, politics and foreign policy of Pakistan and is the author of Community and Consensus in Islam: Muslim Representation in Colonial India, 1860-1947 and, most recently, Making Sense of Pakistan (2009, 2018). Shaikh is a well-known commentator on Pakistan for the international media and is a regular speaker at conferences and meetings on Pakistan in the UK and abroad. She has been called to testify before the UK House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee and the Commons All-Party Parliamentary Committee on Kashmir. She holds a Ph.D. from Columbia University in New York.