Bio Ravi Joshi served in the Indian external intelligence service, the Research & Analysis Wing for over 25 years. He has had three diplomatic assignments; in the Maldives, Kenya and Austria during which he also served as India’s Alternate Permanent Representative to two UN agencies, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in Nairobi, Kenya and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna, Austria. During his tenure in R&AW, he has served on several important desks handling China, Pakistan, Russia, Central Asia, Iran and West Asia and has widely travelled in all these countries. He retired in 2013 and since then has been a Visiting Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, a pre-eminent Think Tank in New Delhi. He has been contributing regularly on the political affairs of the Maldives, Iran and West Asia to several print and online media organizations such as the Economic Times, Deccan Herald, the Quint and the Open Magazine. He is now a regular Book Reviewer for the Open Magazine focusing on books dealing with India’s foreign and security policies and on Espionage & Spy craft.